More on Men & Women in Acts
Among the several helpful responses to my earlier posting in which I mentioned several places in Acts where the author refers to “men and women” as part of events of early Christianity, I’d like to mention in particular (and with gratitude) the essay by Allen Black, “‘Your sons and Your Daughters Will Prophesy . . .': Pairings of Men and Women in Luke-Acts,” in Scripture and Traditions: Essays on Early Judaism and Christianity in Honor of Carl R. Holladay, ed. Patrick Gray & Gail R. O’Day (Leiden: Brill, 2008), 193-206.
Black shows (persuasively in my view) that the author of Luke-Acts was likely prompted by passages in Isaiah (e.g., 43:6-7; 49:22; 60:4) where Israel is promised that her “sons and daughters” will be recipients of future divine blessings. So, convinced that early Christianity is the fulfilment of these hopes, the author of Acts underscores the sexual duality of early Christian circles. (Black’s footnotes also cite and engage the raft of modern scholarly publications on the matters involved.)