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The Divine Name in Second-Temple Jewish Biblical Texts

May 8, 2019

My recent postings about Paul’s use of “YHWH texts” have elicited several queries about the data.  There are five “pre-Christian” biblical manuscripts in Greek that are relevant:

4QpapLXXLevb (4Q120), Leviticus, lst cent BCE, uses ιαω (iao) for YHWH.

P.Fouad 266b, Deuteronomy, lst cent BCE, uses Hebrew YHWH 30 times.

8HevXIIgr.  Minor Prophets.  late lst cent BCE to early lst cent CE.  Paleo-Hebrew YHWH 28 times.

P. Oxyrhynchus 3522, lst cent CE, two instances of paleo-Hebrew YHWH

P. Oxyrhynchus 5101, lst cent CE, three instances of paleo-Hebrew YHWH.

The most recent and most detailed study is:  Anthony Meyer, “The Divine Name in Early Judaism: Use and Non-Use in Aramaic, Hebrew, and Greek” (PhD, McMaster University, 2017), which I hope in due course will be published in book form.

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4 Comments
  1. Malcolm Horlock permalink

    ‘Anthony Meyer, “The Divine Name in Early Judaism: Use and Non-Use in Aramaic, Hebrew, and Greek”’ is freely available here …https://macsphere.mcmaster.ca/handle/11375/22823.

  2. Dr. H.,
    This is my favorite part of your blog; your willingness to indulge our ignorance and then giving us the sources.

    Tim

  3. Thanks Dr Hurtado, this widens my list. However, I also have noted Papyrus Rylands 458, the oldest found to date I think. Blank spaces where tetragrammaton should lie. From Fayyum, 100 miles south of Cairo in mid 2nd century BC.

    • P.Rylands 458 does have a “blank space”, but isn’t existent where the divine name occurs.

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